Los Angeles lies in a bowl in Southern California, adjoining the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as substantial as 10,000 feet (3,000 m), and deserts. The city, which covers about 469 square miles (1,210 km2), is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most crowded district in the United States. The Los Angeles metropolitan zone (MSA) is property to 13.1 million people, making it the second–largest metropolitan zone in the nation soon after New York. Better Los Angeles incorporates metro Los Angeles just as the Inland Empire and Ventura County. It is the second most crowded U.S. joined measurable zone, likewise soon after New York, with a 2015 gauge of 18.7 million people. Residence to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles escorts were guaranteed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The city was established on September four, 1781, by Spanish representative Felipe de Neve. It turned into a piece of Mexico in 1821 soon after the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, toward the finish of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the remainder of California were bought as a feature of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and in this method turned out to be a piece of the United States. Los Angeles was consolidated as a area on April four, 1850, five months before California accomplished statehood. The revelation of oil for the duration of the 1890s carried rapid development to the city. The city was in addition extended with the finishing of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which conveys water from Eastern California. Los Angeles has an assorted economy and hosts organizations in a broad scope of skilled and social fields. It likewise has the busiest compartment port in the whole Americas. A worldwide city, it has been positioned sixth in the Global Cities Index and ninth in the Global Financial Electrical power Index. The Los Angeles metropolitan area likewise has a gross metropolitan outcome of $1. trillion (commencing at 2017), making it the third-largest city by GDP on the planet, soon after the Tokyo and New York City metropolitan territories. Los Angeles facilitated the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will have the 2028 Summer Olympics.